Immunizations and the risks behind them

Vaccines prevent more than 2.5 million deaths each year(11 facts about vaccines, 1). Vaccines are substances used to stimulate the production of antibodies. They provide immunity against one or several diseases. This means that the medication will protect the children from diseases if they were exposed to them. Opponents have questioned the effectiveness, safety, and necessity of all recommended vaccines. Also many believe that mandatory vaccines violate individual rights. These controversies have reduced vaccination rates. I want to be able to understand why vaccines are important to take and why do newborns take so many vaccines as soon as they are born.

In 1798, smallpox was killing thousands of people. Until Edward Jenner, an english physician and scientist, noticed the first vaccine ever. Jenner invented a vaccine for Smallpox. It is a contagious viral disease with fever and pustules that usually leave permanent scars. Jenner had noticed that milkmaids that had been contracted smallpox did not get smallpox. This was the first vaccine and ever since smallpox has not been around. There are other diseases like measles that have been arising because not enough people vaccinate. Measles is a infectious disease that, occurs in childhood and causes fever and red rash on the skin. There are many vaccines that protect people from diseases. Most vaccines are given to children at two, four to six, twelve to fifteen months and four to six years old.

Based on the article, “What a baby will need,” Hepatitis B is a vaccine that all newborns receive right after birth. This vaccine helps prevent liver disease that can cause liver failure and cancer. Newborns usually receive one dose after birth and a second one when one to two months of age. There is no dangerous risk for this vaccine but soreness. The second vaccine given to children is the Rotavirus vaccine (RV). This vaccine is taken orally in children from two to four months and at six months old of age. Rotavirus prevents dehydration in babies. The side effects for rotavirus is fussiness and may have mild diarrhea or vomit temporary. The DTap vaccine is a combined vaccine. It protects against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis. It is given to children at two months then at four to six months, fifteen to eighteen months and finally at four to six years of age.  For this vaccine fever, tenderness, swelling and loss of appetite are the risks that can be taken.

There is also the Haemophilus Influenzae Type B Conjugate Vaccine also known as Hib. Hib is given at two, four to six and at fifteen to eighteen months. Hib is a vaccine that may not be heard a lot commonly, but it is important. Before this vaccine was developed children had bacterial meningitis. It now prevents brain damage or pneumonia. Hib vaccine has proven to be very effective. Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV13) is another vaccine that is given to children. It is given when they are two, four to six, and twelve to fifteen months. When they are most vulnerable to this disease the vaccine protects children for three years. PCV13 can prevent an illness that leads to death. This illness is called Streptococcus pneumoniae. It can also cause meningitis, pneumonia and ear infection as well as others.

Measles, mumps and rubella, is the MMR vaccine that protects from a very dangerous disease. MMR also prevents from causing rashes and fevers that can lead to serious conditions like pneumonia, meningitis, seizures and deafness.  This vaccine is not given to children under one year of age but it can be given twelve month to fifteen and at four to six years.

Another disease that children may be exposed to is Meningococcal. This disease can cause infections such as blood infection. The Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine, Quadrivalent (MCV4) is taken from nine to twenty-three months. It is recommended that adolescents eleven to eighteen also take two doses because it prevents the disease. There is also the risk of getting liver disease if not vaccinated with Hepatitis A. It can be taken after twelve months old to fifteen months old. There can be some side effects like soreness, tiredness, loss of appetite and headache but not any high risk effects.

A vaccine for the chickenpox is also available for children twelve to fifteen months and four to six years. The article, “What baby will need” It says, “complications from chickenpox include a bacterial infection of the skin, swelling of the brain and pneumonia.” This vaccine is called varicella vaccine. This vaccine may not work fully on everyone but it does allow them to recover faster. Some states may now require this vaccine. It is good so children do not miss school. The only risks would be soreness, rash and fever but the chicken pox already cause fever. But there are many more diseases to which there is no vaccine yet. These rare diseases are usually found in children. some diseases are found at birth while others do not become known until much later in life. These diseases are called orphaned. According to the article, “Rare diseases deserve more than just one day a year”, “Did you know that a disease is considered rare if it is believed to affect fewer than 200,000 Americans?”(Howard, par. 1). It is incredible to see the diseases that can arise to children and to which there is no vaccine to help them.

There are many schools in california that ask for some vaccines in order to start the school year. While some parents do not vaccinate their children thinking that vaccines are not safe other parents can not vaccinate for other reasons., “As it stands, all 50 states require specific vaccines for school-aged children, although each grants exemptions for students unable to be vaccinated for medical reasons”(Atlantic, par. 1). Sometimes the main reason could be that people are allergic to a component of the vaccine or there may be a severe life threatening reaction to the vaccine. For example if a child is allergic to eggs than they should first consult with the doctor or allergist before receiving the flu vaccine. This is an example of when a child is not vaccinated. Also children who have leukemia, lymphoma, and other types of cancer or AIDS should not receive any type of weakened vaccine. For children’s vaccines are usually postponed if the child is sick. The reason for this is because it may not be able to fight off the little infection that the vaccines produce. Many say it is the choice of every individual if either they want to vaccinate or not. This would be correct if it only affected them. Unfortunately when people do not vaccinate, it affects everyone simply because if there are more people that do not vaccinate, it makes it harder for the one that are vaccinated to be protected against diseases. But if there is more people vaccinated then those people protect the ones that haven’t yet been vaccinated because of medical reason. As more people refuse to vaccinate the risks of outbreaks increase.

There are many risks in vaccines just like any other medicine but the more serious reactions are very rare. According to the article, “Vaccinations” Some of the risks include death. It is rare and usually happens in adults not children. There is one disease called measles that has been arising and many parents do not understand why. “Measles is one of the most contagious diseases and can cause severe complications, including pneumonia, swelling of the brain, and death”(FDA, par. 5). For children the less dangerous risk is soreness and fever. But for adults the risks are not always that simple. Some of the risks can be very painful for example chronic arthritis. Arthritis is joint disease usually in middle aged people. For chronic arthritis there is only medication to decrease the pain but nothing to cure it. There is also; prolonged deep sleep, body rash, twitching, head and neck pain, muscle weakness, loss of memory, fatigue, lack of eye contact, respiratory distress and many more. Fortunately for children it is more common for them to get a high fever.

There have been doubts about vaccines because of the theory that they  cause autism. Autism is a spectrum disorder that is characterized by social impairments and communication difficulties. Scientists do not know what causes autism but it is said that the environment and genetics have something to do with it. The Centers for disease control and prevention, have evidence that vaccines do not cause autism and that it is just a theory. After many tests it was proven that vaccines have no link with autism.

Vaccines are not one-hundred percent safe there can always be  side effects . For children there are many diseases to protect from. There are common vaccines like the Tdap that is very known because of school requirements. Then there are other diseases that are unknown and may not have a vaccine. Vaccines usually cause soreness and high fevers in children but death is not common. It is said that children are more easily to get unknown diseases but also do not vaccinate because of the decisions of their parents. Vaccines are important for children because they protect them from diseases such as measles. When less people vaccinate it is easier for measles just like any other vaccine to come back. There are other children who do not vaccinate because of medical reasons such as leukemia or allergies. This is why you should do your part when more are vaccinated that protects the unvaccinated. Get informed and vaccinate your child.  It is their protection but also the protection of others.

Works cited

Baker, Jeffrey P. “Mercury, Vaccines, and Autism: One Controversy, Three Histories.” American Journal of Public Health. American Public Health Association, Web. 16 Apr. 2015.

 

Ciolli, Anthony. “Mandatory School Vaccinations: The Role of Tort Law.” The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine, September. 2008. Web. 16 Apr. 2015.

 

“How Vaccines Work — History of Vaccines.” History of Vaccines RSS. Web. 16 Apr. 2015.

 

Sarah Yang. “What a baby will need.”The Bump. 2015. Web. April. 2015

 

“Vaccinations? Know the Risks and Failures.” National Vaccine Information Center.Web. 16 Apr. 2015.

 

“Vaccines Do Not Cause Autism.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 18 Nov. 2014. Web. 16 April. 2015.

 

“U.S. Food and Drug Administration.” Vaccines for Children- A guide for parents and caregivers. Web. 17 May 2015.

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Protect and Serve

Have you ever imagined what the world would be like if the law did not exist?What would happen if we did not have anyone to defend our country?The law has protected us from any harm. Now a days,  people believe that the law has turned against them. The reason for this is that there is a high amount of militarized equipment thanks to the DOD 1033 program. This program is called the Department of Defense Excess Property Program, and it is authorized under federal law. The DOD Program provides military equipment to state and local civilian law enforcement. It is mostly for the use in counter-narcotics, counter-terrorism operations, and to enhance officer safety. This type of equipments has caused people to be afraid of the law. Due to the violence all around the world it makes officers a lot more militarized, by being more equipped and prepared for the enemy. It would be difficult to defend our nation without weapons.

First of all police officers have always been people of justice. Police officer are those who defend innocent people and make this world a better place. Many risk their lives trying to protect  a place without violence but over time this has changed. The problem is that many people believe police officers have turned against the people. The article, This Is The Terrifying Result Of The Militarization Of Police it says, “When did this become OK? When did protect and serve turn into us versus them”? Many incidents have occurred that has led the people to think the law does not protect us but harms us. The reason why is that police officers are a lot more armed now a days. For example, on August nine a young teenager named Michael Brown was shot and killed by officer Darren Wilson. Many say he was innocent but not everyone knows the complete story.

After his death there was a massive protest in Ferguson that led officers to get more equipped. Officers were protecting owners of many businesses just as the safety of many other people. Since this incident there has been a huge amount of increase in armor. The author Paul Szoldra mentioned, “On their front, over their body armor, they carry at least four to six extra magazines 15, loaded with 30 rounds each.” There is a lot more armor than before but this is not exactly a bad thing. Officers are equipped but they have not used any overpowering weapons on people like tanks or assault rifles. What this does is protects us and as well the officers themselves. Being a police officer is one of the most dangerous jobs, for this reason it is understandable to have these types of equipment. Also it is important to prepare for any battle. People should understand that this world is not peaceful and it is always good to be well prepared to defend this country.

For example recently terrorists attacked the french. Charlie Hebdo is a french satirical weekly magazine that features cartoons, reports and jokes. The company was targeted because of the published muhammed cartoons. There was 12 people murdered and 11 wounded. Along the 12 people, two police officers were also killed. This is one reason why police officers should be well equipped for war as any soldier would. In the article, This is a terrifying result of militarization of police, it says “Their uniform would be mistaken for a soldier’s if it weren’t for their Police patches.” With this it leaves a clear view of what police officers are wearing out in the city of Ferguson to prepare for anything. This is not to bring violence but to bring safety to the people. Officers need to have weapons ready for combat. The only way to protect the people is by having militarized weapons. Paul Szoldra says, “They have short-barreled 5.56-mm rifles based on the military M4 Carbine with scopes.” There are many new weapons but they are not used by officers on any human being. These weapons are more for security than anything.

The law is here to protect and serve, but many think otherwise. For example, in the death of Michael Brown officer Darren Wilson was the bad guy when in reality he was just doing his job. Paul Szoldra states, “the town with a population of about 21,000 has seen massive protests in response to the shooting, as some witnesses said Brown had his hands up when he was killed.” It is clear that they blame officer Wilson  without asking themselves why he was after Brown. No officer comes after you without a reason, with Brown it was no different.

Only a few people know that Michael Brown had broken the law before the shooting. In the article, the shooting of Michael Brown it states “Shortly before the shooting, Brown robbed a nearby convenience store, stole several cigarettes , and shoved the store clerk.” Michael Brown was committing a crime which  is why Darren Wilson was after him. Wilson just as any other officer was  exposed because in occasions like this they are risking their life as well as not knowing what the intentions of the person is. Militarization has happened because of the violence around the world. If the world was peaceful the thought of more weapons would not even cross anyones mind.

Overall, humans can be afraid of the law at times because of all the new equipment police officers have been seen with but have not used on the people. Many do not see the risks police officers take to make the world  safe with no violence. Police officers take dangerous risks and some have even died on the way trying to protect and serve. This is why it is important to have militarized equipment, to have more protection and less people dying. Both the police officers and the people will be safer because we will be ready for any combat with the enemy. Police officers should be able to have these weapons but not use them with  city people. They should be trained to handle situations in a different way without the use of militarized armor.

 

Work cited

Brooks, David. “I Am Not Charlie Hebdo.” The New York Times. 08 Jan. 2015. Web. 09 Feb. 2015.

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/09/opinion/david-brooks-i-am-not-charlie-hebdo.html?_r=0

Shaw, Jazz. “The militarization of Police Was Not Only Inevitable, but Necessary.” HotAir. 16 Aug. 2014. Web. 10 Feb. 2015.

http://hotair.com/archives/2014/08/16/the-militarization-of-police-was-not-only-inevitable-but-necessary/

Szoldra, Paul. “This Is The Terrifying Result Of The Militarization Of Police.” Business Insider. 12 Aug. 2014. Web. 02 Feb. 2015.

http://www.businessinsider.com/police-militarization-ferguson-2014-8

Protect and serve

Have you ever imagined what the world would be like if the law did not existed? What would happen if we did not have anyone to defend our country?The law has protected us from any harm. Now a days, though people believe that the law has turned against them.The reason for this is that there is a high amount of militarized equipment thanks to the DOD 1033 program. This program is called the Department of Defense Excess Property Program and it is authorized under federal law. The DOD Program provides many military equipment to state and local civilian law enforcement. It is mostly for the use in counter-narcotics and counter-terrorism operations, and to enhance officer safety. With these equipment people have become afraid of the law.It is the violence all around the world that makes officers a lot more militarized but only to be more equipped and prepared for the enemy. It would be difficult to defend our nation without weapons. Here I will explain and give evidence of why I agree with police militarization.

First of all police officers have always been people of justice. Police officer are those who defend innocent people and make this world a better place. Many risk their lives trying to create a place without violence but over time this has changed. The problem is that many people think police officers have turned against the people. The article, This Is The Terrifying Result Of The Militarization Of Police it says, “When did this become OK? When did protect and serve turn into “us versus them”? Many incidents have happened that has led the people to think the law does not protect us but harms us. The reason why is that police officers are a lot more armed now a days. For example on August nine a young teenager named Michael Brown was shot and killed by officer Darren Wilson. Many say he was innocent but not everyone know the complete story.

After his death there was a massive protest in Ferguson that led officer to get more equipped. Officers were protecting owners of many businesses just as the safety of many other people. Since this incident there has been a huge amount of increase in armor. The author Paul Szoldra says, “On their front, over their body armor, they carry at least four to six extra magazines 15, loaded with 30 rounds each.” There is a lot more armor than before but this is not exactly a bad thing. Yes officers are equipped but they have not used any weapons or tanks against the people. What this does is protects us and well as the officers themselves. Being a police officer is one of the most dangerous jobs for this reason it is understandable to have these types of equipment. Also it is important to be prepared for any battle. People should understand that this world is not peaceful and it is always good to be prepared to defend this country.

For example recently terrorists attacked the french. There was 12 people murdered and at least 11 wounded. In this terrifying attack two police officers were also killed. This is one reason why police officers should be well equipped for war as any soldier would. In the article, This is a terrifying result of militarization of police, it says “Their uniform would be mistaken for a soldier’s if it weren’t for their Police patches.” With this it leaves a clear view of what police officers are wearing out in the city of Ferguson to prepare for anything. This is not to bring violence but to bring safety to the people. Officers need to have weapons ready for combat. The only way to protect the people is by having militarized weapons. The author Paul Szoldra says, “They have short-barreled 5.56-mm rifles based on the military M4 Carbine with scopes.” There are many new weapons but they are not used by officers on any human being. These weapons are more for security than anything.

The law is here to protect and serve but many think otherwise. For example in the death of Michael Brown officer Darren Wilson was seen as the bad guy when really he was just doing his job. Paul Szoldra states, “the town with a population of about 21,000 has seen massive protests in response to the shooting, as some witnesses said Brown had his hands up when he was killed”. It is clear that they blame officer Wilson for everything without asking themselves why he was after Brown. No officer comes after you without a reason and with Brown it was not different.

Only a few people know that Michael Brown had broken the law before the shooting. In the article the shooting of Michael Brown it states, “Shortly before the shooting, Brown robbed a nearby convenience store, stole several cigarillos, and shoved the store clerk”. Michael Brown was committing a crime and that is why Darren Wilson was after him. Wilson just as any other officer are also exposed because in occasions like this they are risking their life as well not knowing what the intentions of the person is. Militarization has happened mainly because of the violence of the world. If the world was peaceful the thought of more weapons would not even cross anyones mind and they would not exist.

Overall, humans can be afraid of the law at times because of all the new equipment police officers been seen with but have not used on the people. Many do not see the risks police officers take in order to make the people safe with no violence. The police takes dangerous risks and some have even been killed in the way trying to protect and serve. This is why it is important to have militarized equipment in order to have more protection and less people dying. Both the police and the people will be safer because we will be ready for any combat with the enemy.